Design Codes and Guidelines

Published Design Guides, Codes and Specifications for FRP Composites in Structural Engineering.

1. FRP Reinforcing Bars and Tendons

ACI, 2006, Guide for the Design and Construction of Structural Concrete Reinforced with FRP Bars, ACI 440.1R-06, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

ACI, 2004,  Prestressing Concrete Structures with FRP Tendons, ACI 440.4R-04, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

BRI, 1995, Guidelines for Structural Design of FRP Reinforced Concrete Building Structures, Building Research Institute, Japan.  See also “Design Guidelines of FRP Reinforced Concrete Building Structures,” Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 90-115, 1997.

CSA, 2002, Design and Construction of Building Components with Fibre-Reinforced Polymers, CSA-S806-02 (R2007), Canadian Standards Association (CSA) International, Toronto, Canada

CSA, 2006, Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code, CSA-S6-06, Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, Canada.

CSA, 2010, Specification for Fibre-Reinforced Polymers, CSA-S807-10, Canadian Standards Association (CSA) International, Toronto, Canada

fib Bulletin No. 40,  FRP reinforcement in RC structures, 2007, 160 pp, ISBN 978-2-88394-080-2. 

ISIS Design Manual No. 2 – Guidelines for Structural Health Monitoring, ISIS Canada

ISIS Design Manual No. 3 – Reinforcing Concrete Structures with Fibre Reinforced Polymers (FRPs),  ISIS Canada

ISIS Design Manual No. 5 – Prestressing Concrete Structures with FRPs, ISIS Canada

ISIS Design Manual No. 6 – Civionics Specifications, ISIS Canada

ISIS Product Certification – Specifications for FRP Product Certification of FRPs as Internal Reinforcement in Concrete Structures, ISIS Canada

ISIS Durability Monograph – Durability of Fibre Reinforced Polymers in Civil Infrastructure, ISIS Canada

ISO/DIS 14484, Performance Guidelines for Design of Concrete Structures using Fibre-reinforced Polymer Materials.

ISO 10406-1  Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcement of concrete — Test methods —  Part 1: FRP bars and grids.

ISO 10406-2  Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcement of concrete — Test methods —  Part 2: FRP sheets.

JSCE, 1997, Recommendation for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures using Continuous Fiber Reinforcing Materials, Concrete Engineering Series 23, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Tokyo, Japan

2.   FRP Strengthening Systems

ACI, 2008, Guide for the Design and Construction of Externally Bonded FRP Systems for Strengthening Concrete Structures, ACI 440.2R-08, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

AC125, 1997, Acceptance Criteria for Concrete And Reinforced and Unreinforced Masonry Strengthening using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FFP) Composite Systems , ICC Evaluation Service, Inc., CA.

AC178, 2001, Acceptance Criteria for Inspection And Verification Of Concrete And Reinforced And Unreinforced Masonry Strengthening Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FFP) Composite Systems, ICC Evaluation Service, Inc., CA.

CNR, 2004, Guide for the Design and Construction of Externally Bonded FRP Systems for Strengthening Existing Structures – Materials, RC and PC structures, masonry structures, CNR-DT 200/2004, Italian National Research Council, Rome, Italy.

DAfStb-Richtlinie: Verstärken von Betonbauteilen mit geklebter Bewehrung .

fib Bulletin No. 14, Externally bonded FRP reinforcement for RC structures , 2001, 138 pp, ISBN 2-88394-054-1.

fib Bulletin No. 35. Retrofitting of concrete structures by externally bonded FRPs, with emphasis on seismic applications, 2006, 220 pp, ISBN 978-2-88394-075-8.

ISIS Design Manual No. 4 – Strengthening Reinforced Concrete Structures with Externally—Bonded Fibre Reinforced Polymers (FRPs). ISIS Canada

JSCE, 2001, Recommendation for Upgrading of Concrete Structures with use of Continuous Fiber Sheets, Concrete Engineering Series 41, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Tokyo, Japan.

SIA Norm 166, 2 Gesamtentwurf vom November 2001: Klebebewehrungen Schweizerischer Ingenieur- und Architektenverein, Postfach, CH-8039 Zürich, 48pp

TR55, 2004, Design Guidance for Strengthening Concrete Structures Using Fibre Composite Materials, The Concrete Society, UK.

TR57, 2003, Strengthening Concrete Structures WithFibre Composite Materials: Acceptance, Inspection And Monitoring, The Concrete Society, UK.

3. FRP Pultruded Profiles

ASCE, 1984, Structural Plastics Design Manual, 1984, ASCE Manual No. 63, ASCE, VA.

Clark, J.L. (ed.), 1996, Structural Design of Polymer Composites – EUROCOMP Design Code and Handbook, E&FN Spon, UK.

CEN, 2002, Reinforced Plastic Composites: Specifications for Pultruded Profiles,  Parts 1-3, EN 13706, European Committee for Standardization (CEN), Brussels, Belgium.

CNR DT 205/2007 (2008). Guide for the design and construction of structures made of thin FRP pultruded elements. National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Rome, Italy.

4. Manufacturer Design Manuals

4.1 FRP Strengthening Systems

Sika, 1997, SikaCarbodur – Engineering Guidelines for the use of SikaCarbodur (CFRP) laminates for structural strengthening of concrete structures, 1st English Ed., Sika Corporation, Lyndhurst, NJ.  Current edition at www.sikaconstruction.com/

S&P, 1998, Design Guide Line for S&P FRP System, Clever Reinforcement Company, 1st English Ed., Schere& Partners, Switzerland

MBrace, 1998, MBrace – Composite Strengthening System – Engineering Design Guidelines, 1st Edition, Master Builders, OH.  Current edition at www.mbrace.com

Replark, 1999, Replark System – Technical Manual, 1st English Ed. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, Sumitomo Corporation of America, NY.

Tonen, 1996, Forca Tow Sheet Technical Manual, Rev. 5.0, Tonen Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

Tyfo, 1998, Design Manual for the TyfoFibrwrap System, 1st Ed. Fyfe Co. LLC, San Diego, CA.

4.2 FRP Pultruded Profiles

Extren Design Manual,  2002, Strongwell, Bristol, VA.

The PultexPultrusion Global Design Manual, 2001, Creative Pultrusions, Alum Bank, PA.

The Fiberline Design Manual, 2003, Fiberline Composites, Denmark.

Bedford Reinforced Plastics Design Guide, 2005, Bedford, PA.